Sunday, 29 September 2019

Microsoft 70-480 Questin Answer

You are developing a customer web form that includes following HTML.
<input id= "textAccountType"/>
You need to develop the form so that customers can enter only a valid account type consisting of two English alphabet characters.

Which code segment should you use?

A. Option A
B. Option B
C. Option C
D. Option D

Answer: B

Monday, 14 January 2019

Microsoft 70-480 Questin Answer

You create an application that sends information to a web service by using the following code:
(Line numbers are included for reference only.)

When the web service returns a non-zero result code, you must raise an exception that contains the result code. You need to implement the code that generates the exception.
Which line of code should you insert at line 04?

A. CustomError .prototype = Error.prototype;
B. CustomError ["ErrorType"] = Error;
C. CustomError.customError = true;
D. Error-constructor = CustomError;

Answer: A

Thursday, 11 October 2018

Microsoft's Patent Move: Giant Leap Forward Or Business As Usual?

Some see this as a big step forward for Microsoft and open source. Some, however, see Microsoft's open source patent movement as more of the same as ever.

 When Microsoft surprised everyone by launching its full portfolio of 60,000 patents to the open source community, someone asked me if I thought the measure would finally convince everyone that Microsoft is truly a friendly open source company.

Indeed, some people are still convinced that Microsoft intends to "embrace, extend and extinguish" open source. However, many others believe that Microsoft has really evolved and has become an open source company.

It's a trap?

On the purely positive side, we have Jim Zemlin, executive director of The Linux Foundation:

    "We were delighted to welcome Microsoft as a platinum member of the Linux Foundation in 2016 and we are absolutely delighted to see its continued evolution into a supporter of the entire Linux ecosystem and the open source community."

    Patrick McBride, Red Hat's senior patent director added: "What a milestone moment for open source and OIN! Microsoft is joining a unique shared effort that Red Hat has helped lead to bring the peace of patents to the Linux community, developers and customers will be the Beneficiaries, now is a perfect time for others to join as well. "

 On the side of those who hate, is Florian Mueller, editor of the blog FOSSPatents, who thinks:

    'Microsoft loves Linux' is a lie. And now Microsoft wants us to think that Microsoft is fighting against patent trolls. This is also a lie of Microsoft. "

He also said that joining the OIN, which Mueller considers an IBM front group in favor of the patent, "does not impose new real restrictions on them." This is just a cynical public relations movement from Mueller's point of view.

 Other anti-Microsoft advisors on Reddit, Twitter and other social networks also insist that this new Microsoft is the same as the old Microsoft. Or, as one person, going back to Star Wars, commented: "It's a trap!"

Microsoft finally gets open source

At Microsoft, the company insists that it has been changing its open source forms for years. John Gossman, a distinguished engineer on the Microsoft Azure team, described the 2001 comment by former Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer that Linux was "a cancer" as "a fundamental misunderstanding of open source."

 With Satya Nadella as CEO, Microsoft finally gets open source.

What the patent experts say ...

But not only Microsoft employees are saying that Microsoft's attitude towards open source has evolved. Andrew "Andy" Updegrove, a patent expert and founding partner of the Boston area law firm Gesmer Updegrove, said:

    "While this may seem surprising to those who have not followed Microsoft's evolution in recent years, it's actually more a formal acknowledgment of where they are, and the realities of the IT environment today."

Daniel Ravicher, executive director of the Public Patent Foundation (PUBPAT), whose work was used by Ballmer against Linux, was not surprised by this movement:

     "With the acquisition of GitHub and other things that the company has done, they have really changed their tone over the last 15 years, and they also hired a former staff attorney for the Freedom Law Center (SFLC) software as a domestic lawyer. the Korean War that does not have a formal end date, but I think now Microsoft and the open source software are on the same page and working together. "

The prominent open source lawyer and law professor at Columbia University, Eben Moglen, also sees this as a movement towards peace of patents. Moglen commented:

"Microsoft's decision marks the transition from the patent war period to the creation of an industry-wide patent peace system for free and open source software (FOSS)." Microsoft's participation in the structure of OIN licenses will be the pole of the tent for the extension of the great IT world-wide, for SFLC and other parties whose job is to secure the interests of individual FOSS programmers and their non-profit projects, this is also the time of the opportunity to guarantee their safety and respect for their way of developing throughout the world, the entire industry, including companies that continue to patent their own R & D. "

 Why is Microsoft doing this when it makes money with patents?

Scott Guthrie, Microsoft's executive vice president of the cloud and business group, described the decision as a "fundamental philosophical change" as a result of an understanding that open source is intrinsically more valuable to Microsoft than patent gains.

John Ferrell, president of Silicon Valley's technology law firm, Carr & Ferrell, believes there may be a more pragmatic reason behind Microsoft's decision:

    "Microsoft's gesture to donate 60,000 patents to the OIN is, in fact, a philosophical change for this giant, but the change is likely to be rooted in the understanding that the Company is much better prepared to fight in the market than to fight. At the court, virtually every patent-holding company that gets into a patent battle with Microsoft is struggling from an asymmetric advantage position.When the damages are based on a percentage of sales, Microsoft almost always has more to lose. companies that take advantage of open source software, these companies tend to be small and patent infringement for Microsoft is difficult and expensive for the police. "

 Ferrell, the litigant, continued:

    "From a defensive point of view, small companies with one or two patents possibly infringed by Microsoft are especially annoying and potentially damaging to this goliath.Microsoft is a huge target and is constantly subject to patent claims by small and large companies who try to gain ground or monetize their development efforts at the expense of Microsoft's deep pockets. "

An additional reason for the change of heart of Microsoft, according to Rafael Laguna, CEO of Open-Xchange, an open source network services company, is:

    "Microsoft boss Nadella wants to buy a new credit in the open source industry, pushing the company away from the business model and practices of its predecessors, that is, the sincere aversion of Gates and Ballmer to code developers. Open "Nadella, however," recognizes that Microsoft's future revenue will come from providing cloud services, rather than selling operating system licenses, and for cloud services, Linux is now the operating system of choice , backed by the fact that already half of Microsoft Azure's services are based on Linux today. "

Will this bring peace to our time?

Bradley Kuhn, president of the Software Freedom Conservancy (SFC), thanks Microsoft for joining the non-aggression patent pact OIN, and noted: "Perhaps it will bring peace in our time with respect to Microsoft's historic patent aggression."

Microsoft needs to do more, Kuhn added: "We are calling on Microsoft to be just the beginning of its efforts to stop its patent aggression efforts against the software freedom community."

Specifically, he said: "Now we ask Microsoft, as a sign of good faith and to confirm its intention to end all patent aggressions against Linux and its users, to send the exfat code in GPLv2 or later."

Samsung, with a file system, was opened by Samsung with the help of SFC in 2013. But Kuhn said: "Microsoft has not included any patents that may be included in the patent non-aggression pact."

 In general, it should be borne in mind that, when asked about patents related to FAT, Erich Andersen, corporate vice president of Microsoft and leading intellectual property (IP) lawyer, said:

    "We are licensing all the patents that we have that are read in the 'Linux system'." And, in addition, all 60,000 patents granted by Microsoft related to the Linux system are covered by the OIN requirements.

    In a subsequent email, Kuhn noted: "Ultimately, the OIN license agreement is limited to the 'OIN Linux System Definition' and, therefore, does not guarantee that the patent aggression should stop immediately; rather, Microsoft should only stop for those patents that read about technologies in the OIN Linux system definition. "

 So, for example, BSD specific code, wouldn't necessarily be covered.

Therefore, Kuhn suggested:

    "Expanding the 'Linux System Definition' would be a useful way to solve this problem through OIN."

Historically, OIN has been expanding the Linux System Definition.

Kuhn concluded:

    "Most importantly, Microsoft can help resolve it unilaterally by sending patches that implement their patent technology on upstream projects that are already contained in the Linux System Definition, and I suggest they begin with the incorporation of exfat in Linux.


So, although there are some people who think that Microsoft is not doing anything right, experts agree that this is a laudable decision by Microsoft to show its open source good faith. That does not mean that some still want to see more evidence of Microsoft's intentions, but in general, people agree that this is a big step forward for Microsoft, Linux and the regulation of the open source intellectual property law. .

Wednesday, 21 February 2018

This job Win-blows! Microsoft Made Me Pull '75-hour Weeks' In A Shopping Mall Kiosk

A former Microsoft retail manager is suing the software giant for making his work long hours without overtime and breaks.

Her lawsuit, which will be tried by a United States district court in northern California, alleged that Redmond violated labor laws by unfairly classifying her, a retail salesperson, as a professional salaried employee so that she is not paid overtime and evade other requirements.

According to its lawsuit, filed this month, the alleged violations occurred between 2015 and May of last year when plaintiff Jennifer Sullivan worked for Microsoft as a manager of a sales kiosk in Roseville, California.

By law, workers classified as managers and other salaried professional personnel are exempt from the obligatory payment of overtime and rest periods: non-exempt employees can demand at least a half-time if they are forced to work more than 40 hours a week.

Sullivan claimed that Microsoft labeled her exempt despite doing a sales job that should have exempted her from the mandatory overtime payment, and she was not allowed to hire anyone to help her, forcing her to work for long weeks.

"The Defendants demanded that the Claimant perform non-exempt duties similar to those of other non-exempt employees during most of her working time," the lawsuit says.

"The Defendants provided the Complainant with a skeletal staff and, instead of hiring more non-exempt employees, the Defendants demanded that the Complainant perform the function of a non-exempt worker."

Because of this, Sullivan claimed, most of the weeks she was forced to work between 50 and 75 hours at the mall stand and to do additional work from home. He was also unable to take the food and breaks normally offered to non-exempt employees and was unable to collect a bonus when the store worked well.

Now, the former worker wants Microsoft to earn overtime and bonuses. Although an exact figure was not provided, Microsoft estimated [PDF] that the money sought would add up to more than $ 200,000 before taking into account the attorneys' fees.

Sullivan specifically alleged violations of the California Labor Code for not providing compensation for overtime, lunch breaks, breaks, separation wages, detailed salary statements and unfair business practices.

Microsoft has denied the claims. "Having carefully examined the issue, we believe that the plaintiff was correctly classified given her role," a spokesperson told us on Tuesday.

Tuesday, 19 December 2017

Microsoft 70-480 Questin Answer

You are implementing an application by using HTML5 and JavaScript. A web page contains the following HTML table.

The application must:
Identify all rows in the table body that have a class attribute of selected Exclude the last selected row in the table You need to implement the web page according to the requirements.
Which CSS selector should you use?

A. tr:not(tr:last-child).selected < #dataTable
B. #dataTable > tr.selected:not(tr:last-child)
C. #dataTable tbody tr.selected:not(tr:last-child)
D. #dataTable tr.selected:not(tr:last-child)

Answer: C

Monday, 6 November 2017

Inside The Microsoft Machine

In Cupertino, California, Apple is about to complete its mother ship: a brilliant monolith of the immaculate design of Norman Foster. Its impeccable curves and wall-to-wall glass ruthlessly dominate the landscape of the city: a description that could easily refer to the iPhone itself. Further north, in Mountain View, the home of the infamous Googleplex, oddly shaped furniture, motorized scooters and multi-colored poufs are part of Google's work experience: fun, fun and perfectly in style.

Unlike its counterparts in Silicon Valley, Microsoft's headquarters clearly shows its age. Not in the sense that they are decrepit or outdated, but there is an element of maturity that is rarely seen in the offices of some of the other great hitters of technology. Far from being a spectacular symbol of power, its offices in Redmond, just north of downtown Seattle, seem almost picturesque, free, closer to a campus than to a business. True to its reputation for being reliably useful, there are some trinkets or ornaments that serve no obvious purpose. Even its buildings, numbered numerically from one to 127, reflect a company that places functionality at the center of their concerns. "More adults" was the succinct expression of a journalist at desks during our corporate tour. "There are no work groups, not like Facebook or Google."

Outside Washington, there is a feeling that Microsoft's best days are far behind. This is a great reason why the company is now spending large amounts of media from around the world (including The Spinoff for this story) to visit its headquarters four to six times a year. The hope, presumably, is that journalists can see and judge for themselves if the company really has what it takes to get back to the news.

For those of us who grew up in the Internet era, Microsoft really started: chatting on MSN, playing in Paint and surfing the Internet in Explorer served as building blocks for a generation that is now stuck on the Internet. He dominated the industry for much of the 1990s, and its founder, Bill Gates, has long been considered the richest and most powerful CEO in the world.

But since then, the world of technology has evolved at a phenomenal pace, with the arrival of Apple, Samsung and Google in recent years. And while the company is still making a huge profit of more than $ 22 billion a year, the last decade has seen the once-powerful technology giant struggle to keep up with the great kids. People hated Windows Vista, their acquisition of Nokia was a failure, and the Zune mp3 player was relegated to little more than an archaic joke. However, although these errors have undoubtedly damaged Microsoft's reputation, its inability to adapt to the smartphone market may have been the most expensive. In 2009, Microsoft's participation in all the computing devices used to connect to the Internet was 90%. Today, with the omnipresent presence of smart phones, it is rather 20%.

But due to the failure, Microsoft has managed to get back on its feet, recalibrating its business away from its weaknesses (smartphones) to make room for its strengths (cloud computing, software, games, artificial intelligence). "Once upon a time, we were the Windows and Office company," says Tim O'Brien, global head of global communications at Microsoft. "Life was pretty simple at the time, we only had a few companies, and the health status of the company was in those two companies, and now we do business, games, hardware, software, skills complex."

It is precisely this portfolio that Microsoft expects to present on its campus, so vast that it covers 200 hectares of land (for context, the Waikato Stadium in Hamilton has approximately one hectare), employs more than 40,000 people and deploys more than one hundred ferries each week to transport workers from one building to another. Only Amazon, the other son of technology and innovation in the city, competes with its impressive status in the Seattle area.

Like Amazon, which focuses on everything from groceries to retailers, to film and television, Microsoft's extensive Redmond campus reflects the company's broad network of commercial interests. In his lab of mixed reality, hidden in the basement of building 92, a demonstration of HoloLens allows us to travel to Mars with Buzz Aldrin, install a stairlift from scratch and customize our Ford Car. A simple movement of the finger.

In its top-secret hardware lab, Microsoft's 'Area 51' industrial 3D printers, CNC machines and precision lasers are working hard to create advanced prototypes of future consumer products. This is where the precise texture of a tablet rubs against your skin, the custom tone of red or blue on your laptop, and the precise sound of a keyboard when you play on it.

In The Garage, its space for the "makers, hackers and handymen" of the company, employees have the freedom to experience their unrealized ideas and their original concepts. Paper, plastic, cloth and wood are scattered on their desks, and their "reality room" is equipped with VR / AR helmets of all types and external screens to observe current projects.

As a concept focused on the freedom to fail, The Garage, in many ways, sums up the leadership style of its CEO, Satya Nadella. He started at Microsoft in the early 90s and became the company's third CEO in 2014, an appointment that at that time was quite surprising.

When Steve Ballmer, the former Microsoft CEO, announced that he would retire in 2013, there were few outside stakeholders willing to take on the role burden. While profits doubled under Ballmer's rule, the company was plagued with internal disputes and was quickly heading for insignificance. The stock price had stalled as Apple shot up, and many expected to name a stranger, someone with an objective (and immaculate) perspective. So when Nadella, a self-styled "internal consumer", was hired instead, naturally there was surprise, if it was not a small disappointment.

Seeing Nadella speak at the GeekWire Summit 2017 in Seattle, her calm, measured and thoughtful tone marked a sharp contrast with Ballmer Bull and even discreetly with Gates. And his attitude reflects his leadership approach, slowly helping to transform Microsoft from a knowledge-based culture to an all-inclusive learning culture. And although several crucial steps (such as the elimination of the controversial performance review system) were initiated by Ballmer, his Nadella, who is often credited with introducing a cultural renaissance for the 42-year-old company; An open, innovative and collaborative approach, internal and external.

One of Nadella's first acts after becoming CEO in 2014 was to put Microsoft Office on iOS. It was a movement that reflected his new mission for the company, focused not on indicators of delayed success, but on leading indicators. "Whether it's Outlook, Skype, Office or Minecraft, we want to make sure that our best work is on iOS and Android," Nadella told GeekWire Summit. "We do not have the part to make our smartphone equipment a real option for the consumer ... it's the reality, the reality is that we can not compete as a third ecosystem without sharing and attracting developers."

"The real question for us is: how can we respond to today's reality and then invent our own future?" The way I think about it is to make sure that our software and our applications are used on iOS and Android. "

Ten years ago, Microsoft employees who used Apple products would have been a kind of blasphemy. But in 2017, it is a perfectly natural spectacle. On campus, iPhones are an almost ubiquitous presence, such as iPads, MacBooks and various Samsung and Android devices. That is the reality of today, and Microsoft agrees with that, especially because it seems to work. Since 2014, Nadella has not only been able to restore Microsoft's relevance through greater investments in cloud computing, software and future technologies such as HoloLens, but has also generated more than $ 250 billion in market value. Bubble caps. It is a success that only a handful of CEOs (Tim Cook, Jeff Bezos, Mark Zuckerberg) can boast the same thing.

In fact, in the most recent episode of the Inside the Hive podcast, presenter Nick Bilton asks his guest, Scott Galloway, why Microsoft was not included in his new book The Four: The Hidden DNA of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google. "CA should be". It should be called "The Five," Galloway replies. "If I'm intellectually honest, they should have been included."

Monday, 11 September 2017

Microsoft 70-480 Questin Answer

You are developing an HTML5 web application for a surveyor company that displays topographic images.
The application must:

Display the topographic images at different zoom levels without loss of detail
Print the topographic images without loss of detail Work from only one source file for each topographic image
You need to ensure that the topographic images display according to the requirements.
Which HTML5 element should you use?


Answer: A

You troubleshoot a webpage that contains the following HTML element:
<canvas id= "clickCanvas" width="300"> height= "300">Your browser does not support the HTML5 canvas.</canvas>
The following JavaScript code is included in a script tag in the HEAD section of the webpage:
(Line numbers are included for reference only.)

You need to invoke the clickReporter() JavaScript function when a user clicks the mouse on the canvas HTML element.
What should you do?

A. Add the following attribute to the canvas HTML element:
clicked= "clickReporter()"
B. Replace the code segment at line 06 with the following code segment:
drawBox.Click += clickReporter;
C. Insert the following code segment at line 07:
canvas.onclick = clickReporter;
D. Insert the following code segment at line 07:
canvas, click = clickReporter;

Answer: A